Pink ( Dianthus)

1907年起,開始以粉紅色康乃馨作為母親節的象徵,故今常被作為獻給母親的.

Traditional meanings

For the most part, carnations express love, fascination, and distinction, though there are many variations dependent on colour.

  • In Portugal, bright red carnations represent the 1974 coup d'etat started by the military to end the fascist regime ongoing since 1926.
  • Light red carnations represent admiration, while dark red denote deep love and affection.
  • White carnations represent pure love and good luck, while striped (variegated) carnations symbolise regret that a love cannot be shared.
  • Purple carnations indicate capriciousness. In France, it is a traditional funeral flower, given in condolence for the death of a loved one.
  • In France and Francophone cultures, carnations symbolize misfortune and bad luck.[citation needed]
  • Pink carnations have the most symbolic and historical significance. According to a Christian legend, carnations first appeared on Earth as Jesus carried the Cross. The Virgin Mary shed tears at Jesus' plight, and carnations sprang up from where her tears fell. Thus the pink carnation became the symbol of a mother's undying love.[6][7]
  • Carnation is the birth flower for those born in the month of January.

The formal name for carnation, dianthus, comes from Greek for "heavenly flower",[8] or the flower of Jove.[9]

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How to plant dianthus from seed+Can.

You can start Dianthus seeds indoors, 6--8 weeks before your last frost date, and move them outside after danger of frost has passed.

Seeds germinate in 2 to 3 weeks at around 12 to 15°C (54 to 59°F).

Plant your seeds 1/8" deep in light, well-drained soil.

Sowing Direct: 

Sow the seeds very thinly 6mm (¼in) in drills 30cm (12in) apart. Cover with only a fine sprinkling of soil. Water well and keep the soil damp until germination takes place. Thin out the seedlings to 15cm (6in) when large enough to handle.

Sowing Early: 
In October or the following March they can be transplanted to where they are to flower

4-5 hours of full sun each day.

From 2 inches to 3 feet tall in height.

Flowers : May to June the year after sowing.

Cut Carnations typically last 14 to 21 days in a vase

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How to plant dianthus from seed+Can. (Info details)

http://www.thegardenhelper.com/dianthus.html

http://www.seedaholic.com/dianthus-barbatus-auricula-eyed-mixed.html

http://gardening.about.com/od/plantprofile1/tp/10-Perennial-Flowers-To-S...

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Dianthus石竹花_台灣農業
在台湾通常生长日期是每年11月到2月
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ccLaUel8kBA
Get to know all kinds of Dianthus
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZeYX6f0i2M

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dianthus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dianthus_repens
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dianthus_japonicus

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dianthus_barbatus
http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%A1%BB%E8%8B%9E%E7%9F%B3%E7%AB%B9
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dianthus_monspessulanus
http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%9F%B3%E7%AB%B9%E5%B1%9E